to the Bible, a
saint is one who is sanctified, consecrated,
set apart as sacred. Early Christians were all called saints. Over
time, the term saint
came to refer to a person who was recognized
as having attained a certain level of holiness. Bishops and martyrs
became the first kinds of saints to be venerated by the early Christian
church, and later the hermit type of saint became recognized. Later
still, the terms virgin and matron were used to describe women saints,
and other types of saints such as confessors, abbots and abbesses, and
priests were added.
was born on
March 31, 1596, in La Haye, France, and died
on February 11, 1650, in Stockholm, Sweden. Despite having an
out-of-wedlock daughter named Francine, who became the greatest sorrow
of his life when she died at the age of five, he lived an otherwise
single, secluded life, very close to the style of the traditional
He was a
mathematician, and a genius whose Discourse
Method and Meditations on
First Philosophy have changed the way we
think about ourselves and the world, yet he also advocated religious
tolerance and human rights. He honored women as equals, even dedicated
books not once, but twice to Protestant women, and all of this while
trying to gain favor with Jesuit priests. Most people misunderstand
Descartes and this behavior, but it is clear that he was not biased in
any way towards men or towards Catholics, even though he was both a man
and a Catholic.
charge, and healed both the wealthy and
famous, and the poor and obscure. He did not die an agonizing death as
a martyr, yet a martyr he was nonetheless in spreading truth and wisdom
service of Queen
Christina of Sweden, and he may have been
fundamental to her later conversion to Catholicism.
Clerselier tried to turn Descartes into a
saint after his death, clearly feeling he was a saint, yet the Catholic
Church never honored or beatified him, and even put his books on the
"Index of prohibited books" (Index librorum prohibitorum).
philosophy too was condemned at the University of Utrecht, bastion of
Calvinist thought, and the university only lifted the ban 363 years
On November 28,
2007, the Cesidian Church beatified René Descartes, and issued a "Saint René Descartes
Declaration" urging support for his canonization. In response,
several persons from various walks of life and different denominations,
even an atheist, have signed the petition in favor of Descartes'
canonization, and together with the bishop of the Cesidian Church, two
bishops and one archbishop have expressed their favor for Descartes'
In the presence of
the gracious God of Abraham, of Jesus, and of the living Messiah, I
consecrate Saint René Descartes on this day, and for all time, First
Saint of the Cesidian Church.
Most Rev Dr Cesidio Tallini
Bishop of Cesidian Church
1. the doctrine that God is a part or a subset of the universe; a finite, as opposed to an infinite God.
2. an anthropomorphic God.
[Origin: 2007; < Gk mer(o) + de + pan + the(o) + ism, part-of-all God doctrine]
mer·o·de·pan·the·is·tic, mer·o·de·pan·the·is·ti·cal, adjective